This fortress, erected between the 15th and 16th centuries, was commissioned by Ferdinand the Catholic who wanted to prevent the French from reaching the County of Roussillon. The structure bears witness to the shifts between mediaeval castle (to which it owes its keep and cylindrical towers) and modern military constructions.
The fortress was built with three to seven levels depending on the location that are linked together by maze-like passageways sprinkled with hidden exits. To ensure greater defence, the fortress was divided into three spaces: the common area includes the stables, barracks and chapels; the inner centre for logistics; and finally the keep, which provides a final point for withdrawal.
The fortress - attacked before it was even finished - saw numerous sieges fought between France and Spain aiming to take control of it until the Treaty of Pyrenees gave control of it to France.
Jules Pams, a lawyer and gifted politician (who was twice appointed government minister) married Jeanne Bardou, heiress of the J.O.B. industrial business. Jeanne's father converted several houses into one mansion worthy of his fortune and status. The left wing was taken up with private apartments and the right housed sumptuous reception rooms.
The mansion was sold to the city by the widow of Jules Pams. After housing archaeological remains for a time, then college students, and then books of a municipal library, the building is now the headquarters of the festival Visa pour l'image and the Eurorégion.
The remarkably enterprising Bernat Xanxo was to contribute significantly to the economic life of the region, establishing exports to many places around Mediterranean, including Italy, Sicily, Spain and even Egypt and Alexandria.
This ship-owner, entrepreneur and banker commissioned a house to be built in Perpignan. The Casa Xanxo's appearance has not changed much and it still reflects the best skills and techniques as well as tastes and fashions of bourgeois living at the time it was built.
The Castillet, instantly associated with the town of Perpignan, was built in the fourteenth century on the orders of the infant Don Juan of Aragon. Now destroyed, it was the main gate into Perpignan and later used as a prison under Louis XI.
Later the drawbridge was removed, and another gate the porte Notre-Dame was erected in 1481 to allow access to the city.
Built from brick and marble from Baixas, the Castillet is most impressive with its crenellated towers and powerful battlements.
These days, it serves as the Joseph Deloncle Museum of the History of Northern Catalonia.
In the first half of the fourteenth century, Abbot William Jorda ordered the construction of this funerary complex. Flat-bottomed funeral niches made of marble limestone from Baixas on which appear the weapons of the owner family are distributed along 3 of the four galleries while the poor were buried in an ossuary.
After the Revolution, owing to its dilapidated state, the site served as a military stables and warehouse. The Campo Santo is today the largest and oldest surviving French funerary cloister.